Kastamonu Information

Kastamonu , Turkey

Kastamonu is the capital district of the Kastamonu Province, Turkey. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 102,059 of which 64,606 live in the urban center of Kastamonu.[1][2] (Population of the urban center in 2010 is 91,012[3])The district covers an area of 1,834 km2 (708 sq mi),[4] and the town lies at an elevation of 904 m (2,966 ft). It is located to the south of the province.

Near the city (approximately 10 miles) is the village of Kasaba with an important mosque, the Mahmut Bey mosque, from 1366, built in the Seljuk tradition. It is considered to be one of the finest wooden mosques in Turkey. The door has excellent woodcarving.
 

History

The city is believed to have been founded in the 18th century BC. The town was known as Timonion during the Roman period. Within the region, Romans founded a city of Paphlagonia at the town Taşköprü which is nowadays famous for its garlic production.

The change of name of the town dates to the 10th century AD. Manuel Komnenos Erotikos, a humble Thracian soldier who became a prominent general, the father of the Byzantine emperor Isaac I Komnenos, was given lands around Kastamonu by Emperor Basil II and built a fortress there named Kastra Komnenon. Manuel came to the notice of Basil II because of his defence, in 978, of Nicaea against the rebel Bardas Skleros.[5] The name Kastra Komnenon was later Turcified to Kastamoni and Kastamonu.

The Dress Code Revolution started at Kastamonu by Atatürk on August 23, 1925. Atatürk made his historical speech concerning about the "Hat and Dress Revolution" in 1925 at his visit to Kastamonu at Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi building.[6] The building is now used as Archeological Museum. The materials used by Atatürk in his Kastamonu visit are also exhibited in the museum.

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